Pituitary Adenomas

Pituitary Adenoma’s  are benign tumors that affect the pituitary glands. When the cell of origin of this tumor has secretory properties the tumor has specific characteristic symptoms and signs (acromegaly as characterized by enlargement of feet and hands and growth of the jaw bone due to access growth hormone).

Pushing syndrome is characterized by high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity due to excess cortisone.  Amenorrhea/ Galactorrhea syndrome is due to high prolactin. Sometimes tumors do not secrete, they just grow. A large tumor may present with visual disturbances due to the pressure of the optic apparatus by the tumor. While surgical resection is the primary mode of intervention there are situations in which radiosurgery is appropriate. Here again, experience and solid data should guide the appropriate management.